Safeguarding Children and Young people

All NHS service and commissioned services have a key role to play in safeguarding and promoting the welfare of unborn babies, children and young people. This is a statutory duty under Section 11 of the Children Act 2004 and in accordance with government guidance in Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015. In this guidance children are defined as those under the age of 18 years.

Our work is linked to

NHS Solihull Clinical Commissioning Group is committed to agreed partnership strategies and all policy, procedures and practice which safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people through their commissioning and partnership functions. Our policies apply to CCG staff and those who commission services on our behalf.

All staff who are aware of concerns about the welfare or safety of a child should know:

  • What services are available locally
  • How to gain access to services
  • Who to contact in what circumstances
  • When and how to make a referral to Children’s Social Care

Supporting professional judgement and decision-making, please see the respective Local Safeguarding Children’s Board ‘thresholds’ document. For example:

If you believe a child is suffering, or is at risk of suffering significant harm always contact the Referral and Assessment Teams and/or Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hubs.

Solihull CCG has designated professionals who lead on issues of safeguarding children and young people. There are also performance and assurance controls in place for healthcare providers. Under the UN Convention on Rights of the Child – 1989, Children have a right to have their best interests as the primary concern when decisions are being made about them (Article 3)

They also have a right under the UN Convention to:

  • Life and health development (Article 6)
  • Be protected from hurt and mistreatment, physically or mentally (Article 19)
  • Be properly cared for and protected from violence, abuse and neglect by their parents and anyone else  who looks after them (Article 19)
  • Be protected from activity which takes advantage of them and could harm their welfare and development including sexual exploitation, sale and trafficking (Article 36)

Child Maltreatment can involve:

Physical Abuse

All forms of physical abuse which may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating, or otherwise physical harm to a child or young person. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces illness in a child.

Neglect

Is the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of a child’s health and development. Neglect of an unborn baby can occur as a result of maternal substance abuse.

Childhood neglect toolkit.

Emotional Abuse

It may feature age or developmentally inappropriate expectations being imposed on children. These may include interactions that are beyond the child’s developmental capacity, as well as overprotection and limitation of exploration and learning, or preventing the child participating in normal social interactions. This type of abuse includes the exploitation of children, corruption and seeing or hearing the ill-treatment of another (see domestic abuse). It may involve serious bullying (including cyber-bullying), causing the child and or young person to frequently feel frightened or in danger.

Domestic violence and abuse procedures

Safeguarding children who self-harm.

Sexual Abuse

Involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. Child sexual abuse includes non-contact activities such as looking at sexual images on the internet, grooming children in preparation for abuse and sexual exploitation.

Safeguarding Children & Young People from Child Sexual Exploitation: NEW - West Midlands Metropolitan Area Child Sexual Exploitation Procedures (incorporating the See Me, Hear Me Framework).

Updates on Solihull LSCB referral processes, social work assessments, child protection plans, including core group responsibilities, fabricated and induced illness, female genital mutilation, forced marriages and honour based violence, children who go missing from home, education and care.

There is NEW guidance Information Sharing (March 2015) for practitioners providing safeguarding service to children, young people, parents and carers.